Try something new these vacations. How about planning a trip to the oldest cities of the world? This would be an amazing treat for the history lovers as well as travelers. Here, let’s get acquainted with the top 10 oldest cities of the world.
Damascus, the capital of Syria, is commonly as the City of Jasmine. It is also the second largest city of Syria. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities of the world with a population of 1,711,000. Damascus is a religious and cultural center. The city dates back to 2nd millennium BC. From 661 to 750, it was the capital of Umayyad Caliphate. In 2008, it was chosen as the Arab Capital of Culture. During 21st century, the city was largely damaged due to the ongoing civil war in Syria.
Byblos is a city in Lebanon. Its Arabic name is Jubayl and at the times of Crusades it was also referred to as Gibelet. The city is believed to be first occupied around 8800 and 7700 BC. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and is also a UNESCO world heritage site. It is a famous tourist resort with its sandy beaches and ancient ruins of Roman and Crusaders. The picturesque mountains and open air bars make it an ideal and perfect place for tourists and non-tourists alike.
Commonly known as Banaras or Benares, Varanasi is a city in India. It is situated near Ganges in Uttar Pradesh and is 320 kilometers in the southeast of Lucknow. It is a holy city of Hindus, Jains and Buddhists. This is also one of the oldest inhabited city in the world and also the oldest city of India. The city’s culture is associated with river Ganges. It is India’s cultural hub. The origin of Indian classical music and many prominent poets, philosophers and writers lived or still live there. Indian people call Varanasi as the City of temples, the City of Lights, The Holy City of India and The City of Learning.
Plovdiv is a city in Bulgaria with a population of about 338,153 inhabitants. The city dates back to 6000 BC and is the second largest city in Bulgaria. It is also the second largest city in Thrace. It is Europe’s oldest city.
Sidon is in Lebanon and is the third largest city of the country. It is a famous name in the history of world and is a mysterious city owing to its scattered past. Nowadays, Sidon is a busy commercial center. The city dates back to 4000 BC. Sidon’s Sea Castle is very famous tourist destination.
Aleppo is the largest city of Syria. It is 310 kilometers away from Damascus. It is also the capital of Aleppo Governorate. Aleppo is the largest city of Levant. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. The city dates back to the 6th millennium BC. The ancient city of Aleppo is tourist main attraction and has the historical sites like the Citadel, Beit Wakil, Al-Shibani Church-School and Beit Achiqbash. The city has many historical religious buildings like Great Mosque of Aleppo and Al-Nuqtah Mosque.
The city of Jericho in Palestine is one of the oldest inhabited city in the world. From 1948 till 1967, the city was under the rule of Jordanian government. Jericho is the lowest site on earth that is inhabited by humans. It is 16 kilometers in the north of Dead Sea. In Old Testament, Jericho is described as the City of Palm Trees. The city dates back 11,000 years ago. The famous places to visit in the city are Wadi Qelt, Mount of temptation Monastery, Tel es-Sultan and Beit Guvrin National park.
Beirut is the largest city of Lebanon. The city’s population exceeds 1 million. It is also city’s largest sea port of Lebanon. The city dates back to 5th century BC. It is the oldest inhabited city in the world. Beirut is the focal point of cultural activities. With its theatres and cultural activities, it is famous for its nightlife. It is a redesigned historical city as it underwent major reconstruction. Today, it is a famous tourist destination and was placed on first number in the top site to visit in New York Times in 2009. The Lonely Planet regarded Beirut as the liveliest city on the earth in 2009.
Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, is one of the oldest cities in the world. Located in Judean Mountains, the city is situated in the north of Dead Sea. It is the holy city for three major religions i.e. Islam, Christianity and Judaism. It is the largest city of Israel. Jerusalem was attacked 52 times and besieged 23 times.
Athens is the capital of Greece and also the largest city. It is the oldest city of the world and is 3400 years ago. It is 32nd richest city in the world by purchasing power and also the 25th most expensive city. The city’s major tourist attraction is Acropolis of Athens.
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